Our clients and investment professionals recently met in Berlin for our 10th annual Asia Conference. Here are some of the highlights from two days of discussions about the world’s most dynamic region.
Update Magazine II/2018
ESG investing is on the rise
While Asia once lagged Europe in many environmental,
social and governance (ESG) issues, an increasing number
of governments and corporations in Asia are paying close
attention to ESG factors. We believe that this shift will gain
momentum as the region’s markets continue to develop.
On the other hand, insurance companies have developed and re-defined themselves and their capital investments to cope with changes in the conditions in capital markets. In doing so, they have taken new and sometimes innovative paths to fulfill their product claim, i.e. to generate the guaranteed rate of return for their customers, the policyholders, and ideally a respectable surplus return.
- In Japan, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s government and major pension funds are pressing for improved diversity, shareholder representation and management accountability.
- China is changing its “growth at any cost” model of the last 25 years; President Xi Jinping knows the importance of delivering better living standards and a cleaner environment.
- South Korea is also making progress on its ESG journey, making efforts to address all-too-common management scandals and bribery issues.
- India still relies on domestic coal, but is keenly aware
of the unpopular costs of growth at the expense of the
environment, particularly given the country’s large
Politicians are driving significant reforms
Politicians know that the best way to get and stay popular
is through sustained economic growth. Many Asian
governments are focused on adapting their economic
business models. They recognise that supplying goods to
tapped-out US and European consumers will not work for
China is leading the region’s reform efforts, aiming to rebalance its economy away from exports and manufacturing towards consumption and services. Indeed, China’s spending on consumer needs and essentials is already falling, leaving more room for discretionary spending.
In India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is moving his country forward along similar lines, restructuring the country’s banks and inefficient monetary system through an aggressive “demonetisation” plan. A better biometricbased identification system called Aadhaar should make government services, such as welfare, more targeted and less susceptible to fraud.
With general elections due in 2019, India does, however, face significant electoral unknowns. But greater political uncertainty exists in the European Union, which is grappling with Brexit and with Italy’s threats to flout the EU’s rules – or even withdraw from the monetary union.
Politicians know that
the best way to get
and stay popular is
Trade troubles not likely to derail Asia’s high-tech shift
In recent months, trade friction between Asia and the
United States created a steady flow of worrisome
headlines, for good reason. Trade wars help no one,
particularly big exporters such as Japan, China and South
Korea. Although US President Donald Trump seems to
have softened his initially hard-line stance towards China, it
is unclear whether new tariffs are officially off the table –
particularly with regard to technology. Asia’s regionally
efficient supply chains mean the negative effects of tariffs
can quickly spread; consider how the technology sectors
in the US and China are inextricably linked with South
Korea, Taiwan and other countries.
Yet Asia’s tech sector is on a good trajectory. At some point in the next few years, Asia appears set to become the largest investor in research and development (R&D) globally, intensifying a high-tech race with the US. Moreover, denying Asia’s economies access to US technology could simply fuel the need for local Asian tech.
Green tech and infrastructure are spurring development
As Asian economies grow, they will come under the same
pressure as their US and European counterparts to make
that growth sustainable from an environmental perspective.
The good news is that many leading economies – in Asia
and elsewhere – may now be able to grow even as they
decrease the negative environmental impact of that
growth. China is leading the way with a strong emphasis
on developing green technologies such as solar power
and electric vehicles, as well as sustainable food sources
through better R&D and agricultural practices.
Infrastructure is also a major development theme for the region. India, Vietnam and Indonesia are addressing their huge infrastructure deficits in the hope of sustaining strong, open and competitive economies. Asia as a whole is also supported by China’s huge “One Belt, One Road” plan, which is primarily an infrastructure project, but could have a halo effect on employment and services development – particularly in Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
As Asian economies grow,
they will come under
the same pressure as
their US and European
counterparts to make
that growth sustainable
from an environmental
Growth and income are top investment themes
Asia’s compelling structural growth story provides investors
with a host of access points:
- Asia’s millennials are reshaping their economies and driving the adoption of new technologies and services. Asia’s focus on R&D is also giving the US a run for its money with big data and artificial intelligence.
- The prospect of less trade with the US and Europe could push Asian companies to focus more on the new emerging-markets consumer, many of whom may at first only be able to afford regional brands, rather than those of global multinationals.
- Equity investors will find that many Asian companies
boast less debt and better longer-term fundamentals
than their Western counterparts – in addition to solid
earnings and dividend growth potential.
For fixed-income investors, Asia also offers the ability to boost return potential and diversification – particularly for portfolios overexposed to US high yield, or overly sensitive to Federal Reserve policy. Thanks to its growing markets and rising domestic investment by local investors, Asia should be whipsawed less by US investors in years to come. Instead, the region will be powered by sound economic policy, strong fundamentals and attractive investment opportunities from both equities and bonds.
China is opening up its equity markets
China has been taking measured steps to open up its
currency, bond and equity markets to international
investors, even as it carefully controls the flight of capital
out of the country. Yet despite an abundance of caution,
China’s market reforms are working well – and being
expanded. This is turning Chinese equities from an asset
class that many investors ignored into one that is being
taken seriously, particularly with China A-shares set to be
included in the MSCI Emerging Market index this summer.
(For more insights into China, read “China’s Year of the
Dog bounds into view” and “10 key facts about China
This article was first published as part of Update Magazine.
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The recent US equity market setback seems to be little more than a wobble. The global economy is not in recession, although it is slowing down, and monetary policy is still accommodative across the board. Nevertheless, this is cold comfort to investors who have become sensitive to even smallish corrections.