Achieving Sustainability

Sustainable investing: five themes for 2024

Pragmatism is the watchword as we look forward to the topics that may shape sustainable investing in the new year. Here are the five themes to watch.

Key takeaways
  • As attention turns to 2024, we welcome a pragmatic, risk-based approach to addressing critical sustainability-related challenges.
  • Against a backdrop of global instability, the frequency of damaging weather-related events will continue to remind the world that climate is a topic with near-term impact.
  • High-quality, innovative data capture increasingly allows for a robust quantification of risks that underpins ESG 2.0.
  • The topic of transition will be an increasing focus, including from regulators. 
Although the world heads into 2024 facing a number of sustainability-related challenges, we are encouraged by an increasingly pragmatic, risk-based approach to addressing them. This is despite some clear political divisions. As 2023 concludes, slowing economic growth, stubbornly high inflation, fragile politics and tangible evidence of climate change amount to a polycrisis – a cluster of related global risks with compounding effects as foreseen by the World Economic Forum. But as attention turns to 2024, we think we can look forward to an important change of emphasis in key areas, even as the political context remains challenging.
1. The political agenda could pack a “delayed” punch
The coming year will see elections in 40 countries that together account for 41% of the global population and 42% of global GDP.1 The political resonance of the climate topic could peak in 2024 as nations grapple with economic and cost of living challenges. This political agenda risks delaying the financing and implementation of transition plans, and could result in a higher probability of a “delayed transition scenario” as described by the Network for Greening the Financial System.2 Such a scenario has significant implications for economic growth and risk modelling; it also increases the finance needed to achieve the transition at a later date.3 Already, we are quantifying the potential impact on client portfolios in terms of the drag on returns.
Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS) scenario analysis
Exhibit 1: US policy rates versus economic momentum

Source: NGFS Scenarios Portal,, November 2023
See portal for more explanation of the different scenarios.

2. From climate change to climate impact
Amid these divisions, climate is likely to shift from a distant 2050 concept to a nearer-term priority. While academic studies have modelled temperature and emission increases, they have been less effective at determining the impacts of these increases. The frequency, severity and locations of damaging weather-related events exhibit significant volatility, and the return of El Niño will likely test records in the coming year. Rising financial risk materiality could prompt a rethink, particularly given the costs of the very sizeable and rising fossil fuel subsidies.4 Meanwhile, hotter temperatures are placing additional burdens on already stretched healthcare services5 and biodiversity risks are rising within the global supply chain.6 These topics could influence future sovereign strategies and disclosures as they approach the next wave of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) – the national commitments on climate that countries make as part of the Paris Agreement.
3. ESG is dead, long live ESG 2.0
We anticipate that this greater appreciation of risk materiality will trigger a revived – and significantly refined – return of ESG. When the term “ESG” was introduced in 2004, it sought to broadly classify the key factors contributing to an entity’s long-term operating and financial resilience.7 This was often simply summarised into a blunt, overly simplified ESG score. Since then, ESG has suffered mission creep. It is increasingly associated with “doing good” or imposing values or responsible investing outcomes. In addition, it was assessed using opaque, qualitative assessments with low correlation among the main providers.8 Now, however, we see a trend in high-quality, innovative data capture that will allow for a robust quantification of both impact and dependency risks at company, sector and regional levels. You can expect a thematic paper from us in 2024 on how we will evolve our risk materiality data capture in our Sustainability Insights Engine (SusIE) to include new innovative specialist provider offerings, alongside reviewing new artificial intelligence (AI) data capture techniques.
4. From the transition of regulation to the regulation of transition
The past year has seen sustainability regulation move from fatigue to functioning. With the UK’s proposed Sustainability Disclosure Requirements (SDR), the ASEAN Taxonomy9 and subsequent adjustments to the European Union’s Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR), we appear to be entering a more pragmatic “norming” phase. As a result, we expect a greater regulatory focus on the concept of “transition”10 to be steadily embedded into climate, impact and sustainability investment frameworks. In September 2023, this was underscored by the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero, which launched a consultation on transition finance strategies.11 We expect “just transition” to be a focus again at the COP 28 meeting12 amid greater clarity around just energy transition partnerships, which direct money from wealthier economies to support developing nations as they shift away from fossil fuels.13
5. Finding a solution with impact
During 2023, the World Economic Forum issued several publications around the need to invest in solutions, ranging from existing technologies that need to be scaled up to those that do not currently exist. At a time when the market focus is on lowering footprints (ie, the impact that an entity itself has), we need to focus on the handprint opportunities to facilitate this mitigation – in other words, the solutions that will support widescale improvements. The public markets can learn from the private markets and impact investing worlds in how they articulate and measure positive impact, and the governance around targeting and achieving this impact through the life cycle of a project. In July 2023, we published a whitepaper on how we at Allianz Global Investors approach the topic,14 as we roll out new client offerings, and we expect some of the notions we discussed to be increasingly influential in public markets next year.
  • Disclaimer
    Investing involves risk. The value of an investment and the income from it will fluctuate and investors may not get back the principal invested. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. This is a marketing communication. It is for informational purposes only. This document does not constitute investment advice or a recommendation to buy, sell or hold any security and shall not be deemed an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any security.

    The views and opinions expressed herein, which are subject to change without notice, are those of the issuer or its affiliated companies at the time of publication. Certain data used are derived from various sources believed to be reliable, but the accuracy or completeness of the data is not guaranteed and no liability is assumed for any direct or consequential losses arising from their use. The duplication, publication, extraction or transmission of the contents, irrespective of the form, is not permitted.

    This material has not been reviewed by any regulatory authorities. In mainland China, it is for Qualified Domestic Institutional Investors scheme pursuant to applicable rules and regulations and is for information purpose only. This document does not constitute a public offer by virtue of Act Number 26.831 of the Argentine Republic and General Resolution No. 622/2013 of the NSC. This communication's sole purpose is to inform and does not under any circumstance constitute promotion or publicity of Allianz Global Investors products and/or services in Colombia or to Colombian residents pursuant to part 4 of Decree 2555 of 2010. This communication does not in any way aim to directly or indirectly initiate the purchase of a product or the provision of a service offered by Allianz Global Investors. Via reception of this document, each resident in Colombia acknowledges and accepts to have contacted Allianz Global Investors via their own initiative and that the communication under no circumstances does not arise from any promotional or marketing activities carried out by Allianz Global Investors. Colombian residents accept that accessing any type of social network page of Allianz Global Investors is done under their own responsibility and initiative and are aware that they may access specific information on the products and services of Allianz Global Investors. This communication is strictly private and confidential and may not be reproduced, except for the case of explicit permission by Allianz Global Investors. This communication does not constitute a public offer of securities in Colombia pursuant to the public offer regulation set forth in Decree 2555 of 2010. This communication and the information provided herein should not be considered a solicitation or an offer by Allianz Global Investors or its affiliates to provide any financial products in Brazil, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay. In Australia, this material is presented by Allianz Global Investors Asia Pacific Limited (“AllianzGI AP”) and is intended for the use of investment consultants and other institutional /professional investors only, and is not directed to the public or individual retail investors. AllianzGI AP is not licensed to provide financial services to retail clients in Australia. AllianzGI AP is exempt from the requirement to hold an Australian Foreign Financial Service License under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) pursuant to ASIC Class Order (CO 03/1103) with respect to the provision of financial services to wholesale clients only. AllianzGI AP is licensed and regulated by Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission under Hong Kong laws, which differ from Australian laws.

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