Since the public release of OpenAI’s ChatGPT large language model at the end of 2022, the integration of Artificial intelligence (AI) in core business processes has been gaining cross-industry traction. With its growing significance and proliferation, AI is showing its disruptive potential to drive structural shifts in the way we live, work, produce, and collaborate. An unconstrained thematic investing approach to AI can help identify opportunities arising from these transformational processes, offering investors the chance to participate in cross-sectional growth prospects.
We have identified several use cases to show AI’s present and future impacts on the investable themes within our Thematica strategy.
Where there is cyber there should be AI-backed security
With an increasing level of connection and with more services moving to a cloud environment, cyber security is growing in significance as complex and deeply integrated IT environments are exposed to new cyber-risks from multiple layers and access points.
To protect companies from sophisticated cyber-threats, a multi-layered, holistic, scalable, and seamless cyber security approach is needed. With the integration of AI, features like automated threat detection, malicious patterns prediction, accelerated data protection, and risk-based conditional access can contribute to establishing a multi-layered defence of business processes, data, and IT infrastructure.
For instance, two leading US-based companies that provide sophisticated cyber and cloud security services have developed solutions based on the idea of “zero trust”. Dependent on user identity, device security credentials, and access policies, access rights are granted or withhold. These real-time risk-based conditional access applications facilitate and speed up the steering of a multitude of individual access requirements from users. This, in turn, protects complex and thus more vulnerable IT environments from breaches.
In parallel, cyber security solutions that help companies identify data leakages in AI applications or assist in designing and building safer AI environments are also gaining importance.
The disruptive power of AI-powered cyber security solutions is also reflected in the projected double-digit market growth of this segment:
“An experimental study of the National Center for Tumor Diseases Dresden (NCT/UCC) on the practical value of machine learning (ML) methods in abdominal surgery found that all of the four applied ML models outperformed at least 26 out of 28 human participants in pancreas segmentation demonstrating that ML methods have the potential to provide relevant assistance in anatomy recognition in minimally invasive surgery in near-real-time.”1
In modern health tech, AI is deployed in the development of advanced surgical education. For example, a USbased company that develops and manufactures robotassisted minimally invasive surgery products, is working on building AI training applications.
By collecting and evaluating information from millions of surgical interventions, and by comparing different surgical techniques, the company’s AI training applications will be able to make personalised recommendations during all steps of surgical learning, helping practitioners improve their skills both continuously and selectively.
Not least, the AI-backed training of surgeons can also help to lower the likelihood of complications and improve clinical results, through training surgeons to use the most appropriate combinations of instruments and approaches in an intervention.
How AI-enhanced conversational agents can help control costs and deliver faster services
AI-enhanced conversational agents can amplify personalised care through useful and time-saving features. For instance, a US-domiciled healthcare and insurance company, deploys Natural Processing Language (NPL) models – an area of AI – to understand callers’ requests, reply automatically, or redirect incoming calls to internally available resources and responsible departments. This can contribute to shortening the call duration and speeding up responses to patients’ questions.
Automatically conducted real-time authorisations of patients’ insurance plans can also lead to significant cost savings, especially in terms of expensive labour time, compared to manual processes.
Collecting and classifying data for an improved patient service experience
AI-enhanced conversational agents can collect and classify patient data gained from conversations and propose services that are tailored to individual needs and patient history. This, in turn, can significantly improve patient experiences.
Based on the data and information gathered, AI can also predict certain conditions, leading to better clinical outcomes and further substantial cost-savings.
Clean Water and Land
AI in agriculture
The application of machine learning, a subset of AI, can help farmers create a cost-effective, fine-tuned seeding and spraying schedule that will optimise crop yield and quality, reduce weeds, while significantly diminishing the use of pesticides. The real-time differentiation and localisation of weeds permits a targeted deployment of herbicides and the shortest path to weed control. This is an essential contribution to food security.
A global manufacturer of agricultural machinery and farm management software has developed a computer-vision and machine-learning backed precision agriculture system. This can contribute to a substantial reduction of pesticides, while supporting farmers in saving valuable resources and promoting better root health in crops.
Higher adoption rates could drive further growth of precision agriculture market
Although the global precision farming market size is projected to amount to USD 20.84 billion by 2030, showing a staggering double-digit compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.8%2 , there remains plenty of room for improvement.
A still mediocre adoption rate of sophisticated information technology among global farmers is both hampering the advancement of precision farming market’s size and value, as well as offering investment opportunities to participate in the segment’s growth potential.
This is especially true for Asia, which has the world’s largest amount of arable land3 and, in parallel, the lowest adoption rate for precision farming.
Applying AI-controlled data analysis tools in equipment management to predict failure patterns in construction and engineering equipment can help avoid breakdowns, reduce maintenance intervals, adapt operating parameters to changing conditions, and prolong the operating life of machines. With less error-prone, high-performance equipment, construction projects can be carried out in a more cost and time-efficient way.
Within the context of AI-controlled and data-driven construction and engineering equipment, so called digital twins – digital replicas of physical assets – are gaining in importance.
A US-based provider of infrastructure services for electric power, pipeline, industrial and communications industries, has created a data modelling method that can design an entirely replicated digital twin of a complete manufacturing plant. Based on Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) technology, the analytics engine can predict both potential operational failures and operational savings prospects, while minimising the effects on plant operations.
Addressing labour shortages and enhanced safety measures
The implementation of connected and autonomous vehicles on construction sites, for instance, can help address labour shortages and reduce project delays. At the same time, autonomous vehicles responding to enhanced safety measures at construction sites are contributing to safer working environments for operators, as the latter are detached from the machine and not exposed to heavy vibrations, and dust, etc., when excavating.
Finally, the technological learnings gained with autonomous vehicles in mining and industrial settings can be transferred to autonomous driving in urban settings.
For the period of 2022 to 2028, the AI market in construction is predicted to show double-digit growth of 24.3%, reaching a value of USD 9.53 billion in the next five years4.
With increasing complexity in semiconductor fabrication processes, human cognitive capabilities can no longer keep up with multiple decisions that must be taken in an ever-accelerating way. In this context, AI-based techniques that collect huge amounts of data across the manufacturing process have become a key tool for determining whether each individual processing step was executed correctly.
“Human first-computer last”
A US-company that delivers critical processes in microchip manufacturing conducted a study5 that compared humans to machines in developing a semiconductor process. The results showed that humans excel in the early stages of process development, while algorithms are more cost-efficient near the tight tolerances of the target. Partnering computer algorithms with human experts can thus lead to a significant reduction of cost-to-target.
How AI delivers value to the semiconductor industry
According to a recent McKinsey survey, semiconductor companies could massively benefit from deploying AI, potentially adding an annual value up to USD 95 billion over the long term.
Artificial intelligence could generate $85 billion to $95 billion for semiconductor companies over the long term
Impact of artificial intelligence on semiconductors EBIT,1 USD billion
1 Earnings before interest and taxes. 2 Near-term potential refers to gains within the next 2-3 years. 3 Long-term potential refers to gains achieved 4 years or more in the future.
In contrast to this upside potential, less than a third of semiconductor-device makers are already generating value by implementing AI/ML, whereas around 70% are still in pilot stages and progressing sluggishly.
This, in turn, illustrates the growth capacity of integrating AI/ML into the manufacturing and designing of semiconductors.
According to US Department of Energy (DoE) estimates, the cost of power cuts to American businesses is around USD 150 billion annually6. This emphasises the importance of intelligent predictive maintenance solutions, especially for sensitive energy infrastructure.
A US-semiconductor manufacturer develops ML-powered smart predictive maintenance solutions that are directly implemented on sensors or IoT devices. This not only diminishes latency and improves real-time managerial decisions, but also augments data protection, lowers bandwidth requirements, and helps to proactively avoid unforeseen breakdowns, resulting in savings on emergency repairs and longer asset life.
From treating to preventing: the digitalisation of clinical treatments
AI software can detect complex diseases with increasing accuracy and help interpret veterinary results. This, in turn, leads to more accurate diagnoses, more efficient medication and cures and to a quicker and more reliable identification of individual preventive care requirements. This could foster the growth of the vet care market, not least with regards to pets’ longevity and the special (nutritional) needs of geriatric pets.
A multinational company that develops and distributes products and services for the veterinary market designed an AI-powered haematology analyser that removes timeconsuming and error-prone manual processes, delivering higher accuracy of results and giving reliable guidance for veterinarians.
AI as a thematic investment case
The emergence of AI has added new and fascinating facets to our unconstrained thematic investing approach. It has opened multiple new angles for participating in the growth prospects resulting from AI-driven structural shifts. Understanding and assessing in detail AI’s disruptive power, and its impact on the several themes covered by our Thematica strategy, can help investors identify untapped opportunities and stay ahead of the curve.
Investing involves risk. The value of an investment and the income from it will fluctuate and investors may not get back the principal invested. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. This is a marketing communication. It is for informational purposes only. This document does not constitute investment advice or a recommendation to buy, sell or hold any security and shall not be deemed an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any security. The views and opinions expressed herein, which are subject to change without notice, are those of the issuer or its affiliated companies at the time of publication. Certain data used are derived from various sources believed to be reliable, but the accuracy or completeness of the data is not guaranteed and no liability is assumed for any direct or consequential losses arising from their use. The duplication, publication, extraction or transmission of the contents, irrespective of the form, is not permitted. This material has not been reviewed by any regulatory authorities. In mainland China, it is for Qualified Domestic Institutional Investors scheme pursuant to applicable rules and regulations and is for information purpose only. This document does not constitute a public offer by virtue of Act Number 26.831 of the Argentine Republic and General Resolution No. 622/2013 of the NSC. This communication’s sole purpose is to inform and does not under any circumstance constitute promotion or publicity of Allianz Global Investors products and/or services in Colombia or to Colombian residents pursuant to part 4 of Decree 2555 of 2010. This communication does not in any way aim to directly or indirectly initiate the purchase of a product or the provision of a service offered by Allianz Global Investors. Via reception of this document, each resident in Colombia acknowledges and accepts to have contacted Allianz Global Investors via their own initiative and that the communication under no circumstances does not arise from any promotional or marketing activities carried out by Allianz Global Investors. Colombian residents accept that accessing any type of social network page of Allianz Global Investors is done under their own responsibility and initiative and are aware that they may access specific information on the products and services of Allianz Global Investors.
This communication is strictly private and confidential and may not be reproduced, except for the case of explicit permission by Allianz Global Investors. This communication does not constitute a public offer of securities in Colombia pursuant to the public offer regulation set forth in Decree 2555 of 2010. This communication and the information provided herein should not be considered a solicitation or an offer by Allianz Global Investors or its affiliates to provide any financial products in Brazil, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay. In Australia, this material is presented by Allianz Global Investors Asia Pacific Limited (“AllianzGI AP”) and is intended for the use of investment consultants and other institutional/professional investors only, and is not directed to the public or individual retail investors. AllianzGI AP is not licensed to provide financial services to retail clients in Australia. AllianzGI AP is exempt from the requirement to hold an Australian Foreign Financial Service License under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) pursuant to ASIC Class Order (CO 03/1103) with respect to the provision of financial services to wholesale clients only. AllianzGI AP is licensed and regulated by Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission under Hong Kong laws, which differ from Australian laws. This document is being distributed by the following Allianz Global Investors companies: Allianz Global Investors GmbH, an investment company in Germany, authorized by the German Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht (BaFin); Allianz Global Investors (Schweiz) AG; Allianz Global Investors UK Limited, authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority; in HK, by Allianz Global Investors Asia Pacific Ltd., licensed by the Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission; in Singapore, by Allianz Global Investors Singapore Ltd., regulated by the Monetary Authority of Singapore [Company Registration No. 199907169Z]; in Japan, by Allianz Global Investors Japan Co., Ltd., registered in Japan as a Financial Instruments Business Operator [Registered No. The Director of Kanto Local Finance Bureau (Financial Instruments Business Operator), No. 424], Member of Japan Investment Advisers Association, the Investment Trust Association, Japan and Type II Financial Instruments Firms Association; in Taiwan, by Allianz Global Investors Taiwan Ltd., licensed by Financial Supervisory Commission in Taiwan; and in Indonesia, by PT. Allianz Global Investors Asset Management Indonesia licensed by Indonesia Financial Services Authority (OJK).
Divergence is back. Time for multi asset?
Increasing divergence in the performance of different regions, asset classes and sectors is broadening the opportunity set for multi asset strategies. The dynamic approach inherent in such strategies can make them an essential part of investors’ toolkit in what remains an environment of high macro uncertainty.
Prompted by a combination of global crises, high profile worker rights violations, and law changes, companies are in the spotlight to ensure workers are protected throughout the supply chain. What are the issues for investors?